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The Function of Chlorophyll in Plants

Chlorophyll is a compound known as a chelate. Chelates consist of central metal ions bonded to big organic molecules that are composed of hydrogen, carbon, or other elements. Chlorophyll can occur in a variety of forms and is the pigment that gives plants their green color. Chlorophyll is able to absorb certain light waves but cannot absorb green, resulting in a plant's color. Chlorophyll is also vital for photosynthesis and can be found in plants' chloroplasts. There are different types of chlorophyll structures but plants only contain chlorophyll a and b, which only differ slightly from each other.

Role of Chlorophyll in Plants

In addition to giving plants their green color, chlorophyll is vital for photosynthesis as it helps to channel the energy of sunlight into chemical energy. With photosynthesis, chlorophyll absorbs energy and then transforms water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbohydrates. The process of photosynthesis converts solar energy into a usable form for plants, and the animals that eat them, forming the foundation of some food chains.

What is Photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is a reaction that occurs between water and carbon dioxide, that is catalyzed by sunlight to produce glucose and oxygen. During photosynthesis, electrons are transferred from water to carbon dioxide in what is known as a reduction process. Chlorophyll aids in this process by trapping solar energy, allowing easier transfer of electrons to carbon dioxide molecules.

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