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Plant Propagation Guide for Beginners
When you want to increase the number of plants in your yard or home, you can apply plant propagation techniques. Plant propagation makes use of several different methods to multiply plants in a particular space. Propagating a plant is not terribly difficult, although there are some things to keep in mind and particular steps to follow depending on whether you're multiplying flowers, foliage plants, or trees. But if you are careful and follow the best practices for propagating plants, you should be able to create new plants from what already exists in your yard or garden.
Plant Propagation Basics
Propagation of new plants from existing plants can be done via seeds, cuttings, dividing, or layering. The chief advantage of propagation is its affordability. Instead of having to buy a new plant, gardeners simply use existing plants and tools. Plant propagation also allows gardeners to get the most out of every plant that they purchase. Buy a rosemary tree, for example, and you can get many more rosemary plants from it when you employ plant propagation techniques.
- An Overview of Plant Propagation Methods: Access a comprehensive introduction to plant propagation by clicking this link.
- Garden and Yard: Plant Propagation: The University of Maine offers this thorough guide to plant propagation by seeds and cuttings.
- Gardening Solutions: Ways to Propagate Plants: This page explores how to propagate plants by dividing, air layering, and rooting cuttings.
- Overview of Propagation Methods: Visit this link for a video overview on the methods of plant propagation.
- Plant Propagation Basics: Michigan State University has gathered all of the basics on plant propagation on this page.
- Plant Propagation Outline: This resource gives all of the basic information on plant propagation in a handy outline form.
- Plant Propagation Science: To understand the science behind plant propagation, consult this guide from the University of Arizona.
- Green Plants: All of these plants are great choices for beginners.
- Plant Propagation Basics: Plant propagation is both a science and an art, as this resource argues.
- Plant Propagation Types: Various methods of plant propagation, including information particularly helpful for propagating tropical plants, can be found here.
- Propagation by Cuttings, Layering, and Division: The Virginia Cooperative Extension program has provided this handy page on how to propagate plants with cuttings, layering, and division.
Sexual Plant Propagation
Sexual plant propagation involves creating new plants by helping them to produce seeds and then planting the seeds in your yard or garden. Getting seeds from your yard or garden requires both male and female plants or plants that can produce seeds on their own because they contain both the male and female organs. Once seeds are obtained, you either plant them directly in the soil or start them in pots as seedlings before transferring them to the ground. Many seeds require special care for proper germination and growth.
Asexual Plant Propagation
In asexual plant propagation, cuttings such as leaves, branches, or stems are used to create new plants. Typically, these cuttings are placed either in water or in another host medium and roots are produced. These cuttings become new plants and remain where they have been planted, or they are transferred to a new location. Often, gardeners will apply a rooting hormone to the ends of the cuttings to encourage the growth of roots. However, not all asexual plant propagation techniques require this step.
- Asexual Plant Propagation: Those who are just getting started with plant propagation will find this pictorial guide quite helpful.
- Asexual Propagation Techniques: This illustrated guide covers the basics of asexual plant propagation.
- New Plants From Cuttings: Home gardeners will particularly appreciate this resource on starting new plants from cuttings.
- Propagating Foliage and Flowering Plants: Here is an excellent resource for those who want to propagate flowering plants and foliage from cuttings.
- Rooting Cuttings in Water: Some helpful guidance on rooting plant cuttings in water can be found here.
Propagating Specific Plants
There are many different kinds of plants and many different plant propagating guides. These guides adapt the general principles of plant propagation to specific species. Gardeners would do well to find specific plant propagation guides for the plants they want to multiply. Using the right methods on the right plants can help to ensure gardening success.
- Propagating Azaleas: This page focuses on azaleas, but it also includes information on propagating other plants.
- Propagate Herbs: Herbs are easy to propagate from cuttings, and this resource explains how to do so.
- Propagating Houseplants: Houseplants are among the plants that individuals most commonly want to propagate, and PennState Extension explains how to do so on this page.
- Propagating Plants With Hardwood Stem Cuttings: Trees and shrubs can be propagated from hardwood cuttings, as this resource page demonstrates.
Written By Ava Rose.